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|Throat plate for the overlock machine
The overlock machine is a basic type of sewing machine that is a lockstitch machine.
The lockstitch machine can be used for sewing any part of a sewing product. The overlock machine, however, has a specific feature of sewing in the edge of one or two pieces of material fabric while cutting and hemming the edge.
With this feature, the overlock machine is usually used for preventing the fabric edge from raveling and for sewing heavy-weight products such as car mats and highly elastic knits.
Typical stitch systems of the overlock machine are 1-needle overlock, 2-needle overlock and 2-needle safety stitch (Fig. 1).
1. Kinds of throat plates for the overlock machine
In this issue, components of the throat plate for the overlock machines are described (Fig. 2).
The throat plate differs with the aforementioned three kinds of stitch systems.
2. Configuration and function of throat plates for the overlock machine
(1) Configuration and function of the throat plate for the 1-needle overlock machine
The throat plate for the overlock machine is as illustrated in Fig. 3.
1) Location of the auxiliary feed dog teeth
•The auxiliary feed dog teeth helps produce chain-off thread with consistency.
2) Overedging width
•The overedging width (Fig. 4) differs with the width of the overedging claw.
A - The claw width determines the overedging width.
B - Thread tension varies according to the entire length.
C - Needle entry
3) Location of a cloth cutting knife
•The fabric is cut here. The cutting width is determined by the location of the knife.
4) Feed dog groove
•The feed dog for the 1-needle overlock machine comes in three different types, i.e., feed dog with 1 row of teeth, feed dog with 2 rows of teeth and feed dog with 3 rows of teeth.
•Efficiency of feed and straight feeding capability of the feed dog increases with the number of teeth.
•The feed dog with 1-row teeth is characterized by its ability to support sharp-curve sewing.
5) Throat plate slot
•The slot prevents the feed mechanism from returning (in prevention of an uneven pitch).
The slot also works to improve the differential effect.
(2) Configuration and function of the throat plates for the 2-needle overlock machine
The throat plate for the overlock machine is as illustrated in Fig.5.
1) Needle entry section
The structure of the needle entry section is as illustrated in Fig. 6.
2) Feed dog groove
•The feed dog for the 2-needle overlock machine comes in three different types, i.e., feed dog with 2 rows of teeth, feed dog with 3 rows of teeth and feed dog with 4 rows of teeth.
(3) Configuration and function of the throat plates for the 2-needle safety-stitch machine
The throat plate for the safety stitch machine is as illustrated in Fig.7.
1) The right side of the main feed dog teeth feeds thread to form double chain stitches
(This part is important for producing chain-off thread stitches.)
2) Needle entry of double chain stitches
The slot in the rear side of the throat plate has two roles. The first role is to tense the needle thread with a lower thread tension application. The second one is to prevent stitch skipping when producing chain-off thread.
3．Other stitches produced by the overlock machine
1) Overlock machine
2) Safety stitch